Abstract: Lacquer is a natural secretion of the lacquer tree, mainly containing lacquer phenol, laccase, gum and water. At room temperature, it is oxidised and polymerised into a film by the action of laccase. Lacquer film is hard, glossy, water and moisture resistant, resistant to chemical media and soil corrosion. It is one of China’s major specialties, and world-famous with its long history. The flute is a popular wind instrument in China, and the flute made of bamboo is called ‘bamboo flute’. Having a wide range of varieties, the bamboo flute with membrane holes is a unique invention in China, with a clear, transparent, and melodious tone.

The technique of making lacquer flutes with membrane holes by lacquer stripping process is a composite of the traditional “bodiless” lacquer process and the bamboo flute-making method. The lacquer flute made by combining the above two methods not only has a clear and bright sound, comparable to bamboo flute, but also has very good weather resistance, whether at high temperatures and high humidity, in cold and dry conditions or even in the event of a sudden change in temperature and humidity. It does not warp or crack, effectively overcoming the disadvantages of bamboo flutes, which are poorly weather-resistant and prone to cracking.

This lecture will focus on the techniques of laminating, stripping, pipe making, hole opening, tuning and decorating in the production of bodiless lacquer flutes. The aim is to explore how to better promote the integration and innovation of various traditional crafts on the basis of adhering to traditional production techniques, so as to provide a small reference for the heritage and innovation of Chinese excellent traditional crafts excellence.

讲座内容: 大漆是一种天然漆。为漆树的一种分泌物,主要含漆酚、漆酶、树胶质和水分。常温下藉助于漆酶的作用氧化聚合成膜。大漆漆膜坚硬、富有光泽、耐水耐潮、耐化学介质和土壤腐蚀,为我国一大特产,历史悠久,驰名世界。笛子是中国广为流传的吹奏乐器,用竹子制作的笛子称为“竹笛”。竹笛流传地域广大,品种繁多,有膜孔的竹笛是中国独有的发明,其音色清澈透明,婉转悠扬,具有强烈的华夏民族特色。

用大漆脱胎工艺制作有膜孔的漆笛,其技艺是传统大漆工艺与竹笛制作工艺的复合。作者通过上述两种工艺融合制作出的漆笛,不仅音色清越明亮,媲美竹笛,而且具有非常好的耐候性,无论是高温多湿还是寒冷干燥,甚至是温湿度骤变,都不会变形开裂,有效克服了竹笛耐候性差、易开裂的弊病。
本讲座主要介绍脱胎大漆笛子制作技艺中的裱布、脱胎、制管、开孔、调音、装饰等工艺。其目的是探讨如何在坚守传统制作技艺的基础上,如何更好地促进不同传统工艺的融合创新,为中华优秀传统工艺的传承与创新提供一点借鉴。


Speaker: Fang Xiaoyang (Doctor of Science) is the former director of the Department of History of the School of Humanities, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences. His main research interests are traditional crafts and heritage science and technology. He has presided over the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and led various projects at the State Administration of Cultural Heritage. He has co-authored and published the following books: The Complete Collection of Chinese Traditional Crafts – Paper Making and PrintingThe Complete Collection of Chinese Traditional Crafts – Ink and Ink MakingThe History of Ancient Chinese Printing Engineering and Technology, and Chinese Handicrafts – Literary and Artistic Treasures.

主讲人:方晓阳,男,理学博士,中国科学院大学教授,博士生导师。中国科学院大学人文学院历史学系原主任。主要研究方向为传统工艺与文物科技。主持国家自然科学基金、中国科学院“九五”重大项目子课题、国家文物局“指南针专项”子课题等。合作撰写出版《中国传统工艺全集·造纸与印刷》、《中国传统工艺全集·制砚与制墨》、《中国古代印刷工程技术史》、《中国手工艺·文房四宝》等,在国内外学术期刊上发表论文百余篇。曾获国家科学技术部、中共中央宣传部、中国科协“全国先进科普工作者”,中国科学院院长奖优秀奖等。

 

 



Cite this blog post
MJF (2024, May 28). Chinese-European Academic Lecture No. 202. European Research Centre for Chinese Studies. Retrieved June 22, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.58079/11qct

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